It is urgent to "limit the plastic" of express delivery packaging
release date: Source: legal responsibility editor: number of views of the package: 2384 copyright and disclaimer
core tip: when shopping, you can order takeout for dinner, and you can still meet various survival needs without leaving home. Internet has profoundly changed people's way of life, but it has also brought about an increasingly serious problem of packaging waste pollution that can not be ignored, especially plastic bags, which has penetrated almost everyone's daily life. People enjoy the convenience brought by plastic bags and form a consumption dependence that is difficult to give up in the short term
[China Packaging News] when shopping, you can still meet various survival needs by having a meal and ordering takeout without leaving home. Internet has profoundly changed people's way of life, but it has also brought about an increasingly serious problem of packaging waste pollution that can not be ignored, especially plastic bags, which has penetrated almost everyone's daily life. People enjoy the convenience brought by plastic bags and form a consumption dependence that is difficult to give up in the short term
on the one hand, it is the stimulation of the growing e-commerce economy, on the other hand, it is the fact that the recycling rate of waste generated by various packaging is less than 10%, and at the same time, it is lack of written provisions in laws and regulations. Therefore, plastic bags have the opportunity to continue to overflow and new living space, and are popular in gray areas such as express delivery and takeout. This obviously deviates from the requirements of national ecological and environmental protection. Therefore, it is urgent to "limit plastic" in the express industry and takeout industry
this issue has also attracted the attention of many deputies to the National People's Congress
the "plastic limit" of express delivery should be raised to laws and regulations.
"it is not too much to say that express packaging is excessive. It has brought huge pollution to the environment. In China, the use of cartons accounts for about 50% of the total express business, and plastic bags account for about 40%. Some data show that 55.6% of consumers discard the packaging after they get the express." Zhaomingzhi, a deputy to the National People's Congress, is an investment agent of China Post Corporation Dalian Zhongshan branch. As a frontline employee in the express industry, she has deep feelings about the garbage pollution in the express industry
according to zhaomingzhi, the packaging materials used in the express industry are divided into seven categories: waybill, envelope, carton, plastic bag, woven bag, tape and buffer. As the most developed country in online shopping, China still has a lot of waste of resources in the whole link of logistics. According to the latest data from the State Post Office, in 2017, China's express business volume reached 40.1 billion pieces, a year-on-year increase of 28%, ranking first in the world for four consecutive years, and the volume of package express delivery exceeded that of developed economies such as the United States, Japan and Europe. In the case that a comprehensive recycling system for express waste has not been established, problems such as excessive packaging, low recycling rate of packaging, overflow of express waste, resource loss and environmental pollution will become increasingly prominent
according to zhaomingzhi, China's express industry must follow the path of environmental protection and sustainable development. Reducing and restricting the use of plastic bags is the inevitable choice for the green development of the express industry. "This requires the establishment of a recycling chain from the aspects of legislation, supervision and market, the clarification of packaging technical standards, the encouragement and restriction of sellers and express companies to use packaging made of environmentally friendly materials, and the policy support of the state in terms of taxes, funds, etc. for express packaging."
"although China advocates the concept of green development and has issued relevant policies, the existing industry standards are not mandatory and it is difficult to form effective constraints on market players. Therefore, the government needs to guide from the overall situation, improve rules and systems, and give subsidies to enterprises that vigorously use environmental protection materials when necessary." Zhaomingzhi suggested that the government should raise the "plastic limit" in the express industry to laws and regulations, and clarify the environmental protection standards for transportation packaging and the quantity standards for non degradable materials used in packaging in the express industry by establishing and improving relevant laws and regulations in the express industry. At the same time, we will increase investment in the research and development of green packaging, improve the design of the whole chain system for the sales, use and recycling of plastic bags, reduce the cost of express companies in using various green packaging, and make the government decree more grounded
zhaomingzhi also believes that in order to fundamentally reduce, recycle and make the packaging of the express industry harmless, it can not be completely realized by the self-discipline of merchants. Relevant government departments should strengthen supervision, innovate supervision methods, and curb them from the source. The "plastic restriction order" should also extend the chain of supervision. It should not only restrict use, but also restrict sales and production. It should work at both ends of the demand side and the supply side at the same time
improve standards to make green packaging promotion legal.
according to the calculation of the national post office, more than 1.5 billion packages were generated during the "double 11" in 2017. If the general standard of 0.2kg per packing box in the industry is conservatively calculated, 1.5 billion pieces of express will generate at least more than 300000 tons of garbage. Although some e-commerce logistics enterprises launched shared express boxes and recycled packaging bags before the "double 11", they are far from meeting the actual needs
"Green packaging in the express industry is a systematic project. From the use of green recycling products to the establishment of a packaging recycling system and the reduction of express packaging consumables, clear standards are required. A more perfect mechanism should be formed from national standards, industry norms, policy support to the implementation of laws and regulations. The data of the Ministry of industry and information technology shows that the punishment measures are in place, with strong operability, reducing or eliminating non environmental packaging, so that the promotion of green packaging can be legally implemented According to. " Zhang Dongdong, deputy to the National People's Congress and chairman of Nanjing Holding Group Co., Ltd., appealed to improve the relevant standards and supporting regulations of green packaging in the express industry as soon as possible to improve its practicality and operability
Zhang Jindong put forward a number of specific suggestions:
first, the national standards for green packaging and over packaging in the express industry should be formulated as soon as possible, and the standards for the utilization rate and recovery rate of green packaging in the express industry should be clarified; Formulate service standards for express transportation, clarify the damage rate of express packaging in circulation, and improve the secondary utilization rate; Establish a packaging waste recycling system for the express industry, and clarify the requirements and technical standards for safety, environmental protection, reliability, traceability, etc; Establish an exit mechanism for non environmentally friendly packaging, and gradually realize the overall greening of express packaging
secondly, special support policies and incentive mechanisms should be formulated to encourage enterprises to independently explore various innovative green solutions. It is suggested to formulate special support policies and incentive mechanisms, vigorously encourage enterprises to innovate independently, and explore a variety of practical green packaging solutions. We can take targeted measures such as financial subsidies, tax incentives, administrative coordination, honor boost, credit rewards and punishments, and take multiple measures simultaneously and comprehensively
thirdly, encourage businesses and express delivery enterprises to adopt green packaging, and give policy and financial support to enterprises that use green packaging and can promote the popularization of green packaging; Encourage (Xie Xingxing, ye Xintong) to recycle packaging products, and give incentives to merchants and express companies that recycle packaging products; Establish an incentive mechanism for the classification and recycling of express packages, and encourage businesses, consumers and express enterprises to classify and recycle express packages. In addition, a government enterprise linkage group should be established, led by the government and leading enterprises, to establish a green industry alliance. Jointly with enterprises in all links from packaging production to use and recycling, set up a green industry alliance to promote green packaging
plastic lunch boxes should be recycled by merchants
according to media reports, according to industry statistics, in 2017, 40million disposable lunch boxes may be used by major meal ordering network platforms in a day, and about 14.6 billion will be used in a year, most of which are non degradable plastic lunch boxes. At present, these wastes are basically in the state of no one recycling
"as the direct beneficiary of takeout, the producer extension system should be implemented. The merchants should undertake the recycling of plastic lunch boxes, and allocate special funds to the lunch box recycling or processing enterprises according to the sales volume of the enterprises." Zeng Jingping, deputy to the National People's Congress and head of Fujian Liyuan opera inheritance center, believes that, based on the principle of "who benefits, who pays", all businesses on the takeaway platform and supply chain should pay for the disposal of takeaway garbage and compensate for the cost of recycling
Zeng Jingping also proposed to formulate the regulations on the management of packaging waste, establish a deposit system for waste recycling and a subsidy mechanism for recycling low value-added renewable resources such as waste plastics. "The experience of Guangzhou can be used for reference. For the classified recycling of plastic recyclables, measures such as establishing funds to grant subsidies and punishing illegal objects can be taken. In the specific implementation, it is also necessary to continue to explore and solve the problems of leading industrial chain subsidies, uncertain punishment objects, high cost of statistical supervision of recyclables, and excessive investment." Said Zeng Jingping
in addition, Zeng Jingping called on the government to actively guide residents to practice a green lifestyle and consumption model, encourage takeout businesses that reduce the use of disposable tableware such as plastic or recycle lunch boxes, and include them in the evaluation index of business reputation. On the one hand, as the core link of the supply chain, the extremely low proportion platform in China should take the responsibility to actively fulfill the corporate society, provide the option of "no tableware", and further popularize the awareness of environmental protection through activities such as "chopsticks free weekend" and "environmental protection challenge". On the other hand, since white-collar workers and college students are currently the main consumers of takeout, and office buildings and schools have become the "hardest hit areas" of takeout garbage, it is necessary to publicize the reduction of the use of disposable tableware and plastic bags for these two groups