The 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month? the 24th of the twelfth lunar month? Why doesn't it take a day in the Spring Festival in the north and south
release date: Source: China
"23. Tanggua is sticky. Master Zao wants to go to heaven." As soon as the new year comes, the new year is not far away. Take a bite of sugar melon and eat a bowl of steaming dumplings, and people begin to prepare for the Spring Festival
however, different places have different dates for celebrating the lunar new year. Generally speaking, the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month is regarded as the minor year in the north, while the 24th day of the twelfth lunar month is regarded as the minor year in the south. According to experts, this is related to the regional differences of folk culture and other factors
when will your family celebrate the lunar new year
Xiaonian vs kitchen sacrifice Festival
when it comes to Xiaonian, we have to say its other name is "kitchen sacrifice Festival"
offering sacrifices to the stove is an ancient custom. In the old days, almost every household had a god position of "Kitchen God" in the kitchen. People called him "Kitchen God". In legend, he was regarded as the protector of the family, so he was worshipped
it is said that folk cooking stoves originated from the ancient fire worship custom. "Shi Ming" mentioned: "stove. Create also, create food also The kitchen god's duty was to take charge of the kitchen fire and food. Later, it was expanded to investigate the good and evil in the world to bring down good and evil
in the Ming Dynasty, Yu Qian wrote in the slogan on the 24th night of the twelfth lunar month: "the golden furnace and silver candles produce spring at night, and the sound of firecrackers urges the festival to be new. It is better to follow the customs when laughing at the middle-aged. The most important thing to buy the paper spindle is to select materials and heat treatment to worship the kitchen god." Offering sacrifices to the kitchen stove actually places people's wishes to ward off evil spirits, eliminate disasters, welcome auspiciousness and accept blessings
according to legend, Zao Jun has long been a great God respected by the people. In the Analects of Confucius, it says, "rather than flatter you, you should flatter Zao." In the pre Qin period, sacrificial stoves were one of the "five sacrifices"
"kitchen sacrifice was a ritual that existed very early, but it should be after the Han Dynasty that the kitchen sacrifice festival or the small year became a part of the Spring Festival custom. (5) the impact of the environment on the materials" Wang Juan, a folk custom expert, explained that due to various reasons such as the calendar, the time of many festivals was not unified before the Han Dynasty
she explained that during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, people adopted a more scientific calendar by combining the lunar calendar and the solar calendar. The day of the lunar new year was fixed, that is, the first day of the first lunar month
offering sacrifices to the kitchen god is also a folk traditional custom. One of the signs of the beginning of the new year is that when the kitchen god is sent to heaven during the lunar new year, people enter a relatively relaxed period and are busy preparing for the lunar new year
"simply put, when the new year's Day is determined, the days of offering sacrifices to the kitchen stove and celebrating the new year are also determined, becoming a symbolic starting point." Wangjuan said that from this point of view, it is not accurate to say that Laba is the symbol of the beginning of the new year
why are the dates of minor years inconsistent
as the prelude to the Spring Festival, the small year is usually regarded as the beginning of the busy year. Every family is happy to prepare new year goods and clean their houses. But in fact, different places have different dates for celebrating the lunar new year. The degree of debate among friends is no less than "salty and sweet zongzi"
in ancient times, there was a saying "officials, three people, four ships and five ships" about the date of the lunar new year, which means that the Lunar New Year of the official family is the 23rd of the lunar month, the Lunar New Year of the common people is the 24th of the lunar month, and the Lunar New Year of the aquatic family is the 25th of the lunar month
Zhou Chu, a famous man of the Jin Dynasty, wrote a book called "records of local customs and customs", which recorded many local customs and customs. It was mentioned that "on the 24th day of the twelfth lunar month, the kitchen god was worshipped the next day. It was said that the kitchen god would go to heaven the next day. It was a year old, so he was worshipped the first day."
it is said that the traditional Lunar New Year is on the 24th day of the twelfth lunar month. Since the imperial family paid homage to the kitchen god on the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month in the middle and late Qing Dynasty, people in northern areas followed suit and celebrated the lunar new year on the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month
later, with the passage of time, the northern region gradually took the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month as the minor year, while the southern region mostly took the 24th day of the twelfth lunar month as the minor year
as for the date of the lunar new year, Wang Juan basically agreed with the statement of "three officials, three people and four people." generally speaking, the north is generally the 23rd of the lunar month, while the south is the 24th of the lunar month. However, due to population mobility and other reasons, this is not absolute. "
in her opinion, the ancient royal calendar usually stipulated the time of important festivals. The different dates of the Lunar New Year may be related to many factors, such as the calendar implemented by different ancient dynasties, regional differences in customs and so on. It is inevitable that there will be inconsistent dates
the inconsistency of the dates of the lunar new year also illustrates the richness and diversity of Chinese traditional folk culture. Wangjuan felt that no matter what day it was, it was an expression of people's distinction between the stages of the celebration and looking forward to a bright future
the smell of the new year is gradually getting stronger
with the arrival of the new year, whether in rural or urban areas, the red lanterns and a wide range of new year goods on the streets have made the smell of the new year stronger and stronger
it is necessary to eat during holidays. "Tanggua" is a special food in the younger years. It is usually made of yellow rice and malt. The long strip of maltose made in this way is called "Guandong sugar", and the oblate type is called "tanggua"
the weather is cold in winter, and the sugar melons can solidify very solid. Group experiments can also be carried out. There will be some tiny bubbles in the good sugar melons, which taste crispy and sweet, and have a different flavor
"tanggua is very sticky. It was also called 'Jiaoya' in the past. It is common in northern customs." Wang Juan remembers that for many older people, they used to be very short of materials. When they were young, sugar melons were a kind of food with a little luxury
the sweet taste of the new year is hidden in a small sugar melon, but it is not just that
some data show that "in a small year, rice is fried and sugar is sweet." Popcorn candy is a special food for the Xiaonian festival in Jing'an, Jiangxi Province. On the new year's day, the local people will use maltose and popcorn to make popcorn candy, which means that the new year's rubber fatigue testing machine is mainly designed according to the measurement needs to achieve great success and a happy life
some places also steam and eat sticky cakes on the 23rd day of the twelfth lunar month, which means "high every year"; In Fuzhou, sugarcane is a necessary food for cooking stoves. It means "growing higher and higher" to get a good start for the new year
"Twenty three tanggua sticks, twenty four sweeps the house", a Chinese New Year ballad that has been passed down to this day, also sings people's most simple and simple wish: peace and joy in the new year, and life is as sweet as honey